In the realm of rock climbing, safety is always paramount. One of the most critical aspects of safety is the condition of your gear. Your equipment is your lifeline when you are up on the cliff face, and regularly inspecting your climbing gear can help ensure its functionality and integrity. This guide is designed to provide you with detailed steps on how to evaluate your climbing gear, primarily focusing on hard materials like carabiners and belay devices.

Why Regular Inspection Matters

Despite the durability of hard materials, like carabiners and belay devices, continuous use exposes them to constant wear and tear. The safety of these items is not strictly dependent on their age; even new equipment can become faulty or damaged. Therefore, visual inspection before each use, followed by a comprehensive assessment every 6-12 months depending on the frequency of use, is necessary.

What to Look For

When evaluating your climbing gear, consider the following critical inspection points:

  1. No Burrs or Sharp Grooves: Look for signs of wear, such as burrs or sharp grooves that can form due to metal-to-metal contact. These defects can cause unexpected equipment failure and can even damage your ropes. They should be immediately addressed if found.
  2. Proper Gate Function: The gate of your carabiners should always snap back into a fully shut position. This function is crucial for the carabiner to maintain its full strength rating. If it doesn't close correctly, it could potentially fail during a fall.
  3. Minimal Rope Wear: Check your ropes for wear and tear, especially in high-stress areas like the ends and the middle. Rope wear should be minimal, with no sharp edges, which can lead to failure under load.
  4. Grooves No More Than 1mm Deep: Keep a close eye on grooves on the rope-end of carabiners or other hardware. Deep grooves can cause damage to ropes and significantly decrease the strength of the carabiner. As a rule of thumb, grooves should not be more than 1mm deep.
  5. Smooth Movement of Parts: All moving parts in your climbing gear, like the carabiner gate or belay device mechanisms, should operate smoothly as designed. Any stiffness, unusual resistance, or unresponsiveness indicates a problem that needs immediate attention.


Your safety depends on your climbing gear. Make sure you do regular inspections and appropriate maintenance. If you aren’t sure if something is safe, it’s easier to retire it than to worry about it.  Remember, no climb is worth risking your life over faulty equipment.